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[Roman Stempka personal photograph album of the Spanish Civil War].

Stempka, Roman, 1909-1945, photographer.

1937.

Available at Special Collections  SPECIAL COLLECTIONS - CONTACT REFERENCE  (2013.R.17 )()

  • Title:
    [Roman Stempka personal photograph album of the Spanish Civil War].
  • Author/Creator: Stempka, Roman, 1909-1945, photographer.
  • Creation Date: 1937
  • Publisher Info.: 1937.
  • Biographical/Historical Note: Roman Stempka was a German photojournalist. In 1937 he was sent by Scherl Bilderdienst to cover the Nationalist front of the Spanish Civil War. At the outbreak of World War II Stempka joined the Propaganda-Kompanie (PK), a branch of the German army that documented war events. In 1946, along with Rudolf Augstein and Gerhard R. Barsch, he co-founded the weekly magazine Diese Woche, which was renamed Der Spiegel the following year.
  • Physical Desc.: 1 album (121 photographs) : gelatin silver ; album 22 x 29 cm.
  • Summary: The album documents the experiences of Roman Stempka during the time he spent in Spain covering the country's civil war from the perspective of the Spanish Nationalists. Pasted on the first glassine interleaf of the album are two clippings from the Spanish nationalist press reproducing Stempka capturing the action at the front. This is immediately followed by a portrait of General Franco at his desk, signed by Franco on the verso and dated: Salamanca 12-1-37 (see facsimile included with collection). The photographs that follow show Stempka with his camera at the window of a train and at the front in dugouts alongside the troops. Other photographs show Stempka in a wide variety of daily activities including with local children, sitting at a cafe with friends and getting his shoes shined, reading, posing with a street photographer and his camera, playing the harmonica, dining with friends, and standing amid the rubble of bombed buildings.
    Scenes from the front depict soldiers cooking, in hospital, in the trenches and fighting in the streets, manning camouflaged cannons and evacuating the wounded. The front paste down contains a view, taken through the windshield of the photographer's car, of a unit of the Fuerzas Regulares Indigenes, soldiers recruited from Spanish Morocco, marching along a road. Also present further along in the album are several views of the force's cavalry on parade in their traditional desert garb and in action. There is one thumbnail image of a woman soldier.
    General Franco is shown addressing a crowd from the balcony of Salamanca's city hall and the caudillo is depicted in the company of Eberhard von Stohrer, the Nazi envoy to Franco's headquarters from February to October of 1937.
    Spanish citizens are shown in the streets surrounded by cannons, going about their daily activities, and reading the war news. Several photographs depict crowds of Spaniards giving the Nazi salute. Refugees are depicted huddled in temporary shelters and on church steps and walking along roads. Also included are views of destruction in the streets, churches in ruin and desecrated graves.
  • Language: English
  • Notes: Brown cloth string-bound album with brown and red bars printed on front cover.
    Four unmounted photographs accompanying the album are included in the collection count.
    The Fuerzas Regulares Indigenes played a key role in Nationalist successes in the early part of the Spanish civil war. These volunteer infantry and cavalry units recruited from Spanish Morocco were known for their professionalism and brutality.
  • Form/Genre: Gelatin silver prints -- Spain -- 20th century
    Photograph albums -- Spain -- 20th century
    Photographs, Original
  • Subjects: Franco, Francisco, 1892-1975 -- Portraits Stempka, Roman, 1909-1945 -- Portraits Stohrer, Eberhard von, 1883-1953 Spain. Ejército. Fuerzas regulares indígenas Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939 Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939 -- Women
  • ID/Accession Number: 2013.R.17
  • Access/Rights: Open for use by qualified researchers.
  • OCLC Record Number: 862119968
  • Source: GRI Library Catalog

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