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Alois Schardt papers, 1917-1956, 1983.

Schardt, Alois Jakob, 1889-1955.

Available at General Collections  PLAZA : REFERENCE  (910172 ) and other locations()

  • Title:
    Alois Schardt papers, 1917-1956, 1983.
  • Author/Creator: Schardt, Alois Jakob, 1889-1955.
  • Creation Date: 1917-1956, 1983.
  • Biographical/Historical Note: German art historian and museum director. Then director of the Moritzburg Museum in Halle, Schardt was appointed director of the National Gallery in Berlin in 1933, replacing Ludwig Justi, who was forced from his job by the Nazis. Schardt was dismissed within months, and his newly-hung galleries, like those of Justi before him, were not opened to the public. Later he was forbidden to teach at the University of Halle, to speak in public, or to publish. He left for the United States in 1940, bringing some installation photographs with him.
  • Arrangement: Organized in 3 series: I. Correspondence and ephemera. II. Writings and lectures. III. Photographs and negatives.
  • Physical Desc.: 6.5 linear ft. (18 boxes).
  • Summary: Schardt's Nachlass documents part of the Nazis' Kulturkampf against Expressionist art in the 1930s. Included are ca. 30 photographs of galleries he had hung in the Kronprinzen-Palais and the Moritzburg Museum, and ca. 100 photographs of works by Expressionist artists such as Willi Baumeister, Paul Klee, and Wilhelm Lembruck. Some of these photographs, like that of Klee's Wintergarten, may be unique images of a now lost or destroyed work. The papers also contain correspondence related to his dismissal, as well as manuscripts of his published and unpublished writing on many aspects of art history and criticism. Also, limited professional and personal correspondence up until his death in 1955, and a wide variety of photographs of Christian art and architecture (mainly German) from the Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque periods.
    Series I, Correspondence and ephemera: Ca. 60 items, including carbons of Schardt's outgoing correspondence, detailing his increasing difficulties with the Nazi government, including correspondence with Bernhart Rust (Reich minister of science, education, and popular culture) and the bureaucrats in Halle, especially from 1933-1940. Includes 4 letters from Ernst Barlach (1922-1934). A few letters date after the war and are from other Germans involved in the controversies surrounding Expressionist art, such as the dealers Hildebrand Gurlitt and Karl Nierendorf. Also, correspondence with Franz Marc's widow Maria, and letters in English covering Schardt's difficulties finding employment in the Los Angeles area (1940-1956), where he had settled his family upon emigrating, and regarding his involvement in the local arts community.
    Series II, Writings and lectures: Includes much of Schardt's published writing, including 14 pieces for the Deutsche allgemeine Zeitung (1921), offprints of articles, mss., typescripts, and preparatory material for his books Franz Marc and Das Initial. Unpublished materials include two versions of his dissertation on human proportion in Egyptian and Greek sculpture; a typescript for a book on the principal characteristics of German art (1933); a ms. and typescript for a book on Lyonel Feininger; and an (unfinished?) ms. and typescript for a book on German art, 1900 to 1940. Schardt also wrote ca. 80 occasional or course lectures in English on a wide variety of topics in the arts.
    Series III, Photographs and negatives: Images of the galleries in the Kronprinzen-Palais of the National Gallery, the Moritzburg Museum, and of individual Expressionist works already described. Ca. 1,500 photographs of Christian art and architecture, much of it unidentified and unsorted, principally of churches and their decoration, paintings and plastic arts, and Medieval mss.; also ca. 700 negatives matching some of the photographs.
  • Language: German
  • Cumulative Index/Finding Aid: Box and folder list available in the repository; folder-level control.
  • Notes: Holograph and typescript letters, manuscripts, typescripts, printed matter, photographs and negatives.
  • Form/Genre: Photographs, Original
    Negatives (photographs) -- 20th century
  • Subjects: Baumeister, Willi, 1889-1955 Feininger, Lyonel, 1871-1956 Justi, Ludwig, 1876-1957 Klee, Paul, 1879-1940 Lehmbruck, Wilhelm, 1881-1919 Staedtisches Moritzburg-Museum National-Galerie (Germany) Art museum directors -- Germany Christian art and symbolism -- Germany Expressionism (Art) -- Germany Kulturkampf -- Germany National socialism and art
  • Contributors: Barlach, Ernst, 1870-1938. Gurlitt, Hildebrand, 1895- Marc, Maria, 1876-1955 Nierendorf, Karl. Rust, Bernhard, 1883-1945.
  • ID/Accession Number: 93-A13
  • Access/Rights: Open for use by qualified researchers.
  • OCLC Record Number: 79261041
  • Source: GRI Library Catalog

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