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Gabriel Frizeau letters received : Bordeaux, from André Lhote and Ary Leblond, Paris, 1908-1929.

Frizeau, Gabriel.

Available at Special Collections  SPECIAL COLLECTIONS - CONTACT REFERENCE  (900258 )()

  • Title:
    Gabriel Frizeau letters received : Bordeaux, from André Lhote and Ary Leblond, Paris, 1908-1929.
  • Author/Creator: Frizeau, Gabriel.
  • Creation Date: 1908-1929.
  • Biographical/Historical Note: Frizeau was a Bordeaux art collector who bought Gauguin's work from Vollard at the turn of the century. He had an abiding passion for collecting Redon's paintings, and the artist and he became friends. He rarely left Bordeaux and relied heavily upon his Paris agents, André Lhote and Ary Leblond (pseudonym of Aimé Merlo). Lhote was a painter, illustrator and critic, Leblond a writer.
  • Arrangement: Organized in 2 series: I. Letters from André Lhote, 1908-1929, undated; II. Letters from Ary Leblond, 1918-1921.
  • Physical Desc.: 168 letters..
  • Summary: Two sets of letters written to Frizeau by his Paris agents contain art world news and often detailed descriptions of works of art. Lhote and Leblond had opposing aesthetic orientations and their views often clash (on cubism, for instance). The letters convey the almost complete cultural isolation of Bordeaux at the turn of the century.
    The 82 letters from Lhote focus on the Paris art market, theoretical concerns and Lhote's writings on art, interspersed with personal matters. In letters from 1908-09, Lhote sends assessments of works as financial investments; recommends works by Rouault, Matisse, Girieud and Bernard; provides sketches of paintings (Gauguin for example); discusses his relationship as an artist and a buyer with dealers (a theme throughout his letters); discusses his own roots in primitive/Realist tradition; describes and comments on the Salon d'automne. In letters from 1910-12, Lhote writes of paintings for sale; recommends Emile Antoine Bourdelle, among others; chronicles his theoretical explorations and stylistic developments as he comes in contact with different styles (a theme in his letters through 1920); reveals his attitude toward nature and the intellectual in art; describes his own exhibition in Stockholm. In letters from 1913-14, Lhote describes paintings, the poverty of artists and the low prices he is able to get through his friendships; recommends Chagall; writes of Cubism; acknowledges the importance of Frizeau's opinion of his work; and touches on experiences in the war. During 1915-19 Lhote writes of the value of art as an investment; provides sketches of Gauguin's works for sale; recommends Maurice de Vlaminck and Cézanne; writes about Cubism; and discusses potential sale of forgeries in Frizeau's collection. In 1920-29 Lhote comments on the Salon d'automne; discusses the sale of a fake Courbet; recommends Jacques Lipchitz; and discusses contemporary journals and art criticism. A folder of undated letters includes comments on Girieud, Robert Lotiron, Cézanne, art dealers, Cubism, his own work and the criticism of Jacques Emile Blanche.
    The 86 letters from Ary Leblond describe current market conditions; the role of art dealers in driving up prices; the arduous negotiations with Jos Hessel over the sale of Gauguin's work. In great detail he describes paintings he recommends to Frizeau and occasionally includes sketches. He writes of the need to acquire more Redons from Mme Redon while she still has them and is willing to sell. He writes of the Redon retrospective she organized at the Galerie Barbazanges; describes the Salon d'automne (which he calls "cubificiel"), and the Salon des jeunes; writes of American buyers driving up auction prices; and discusses the sale of Redons to the Chicago Museum of Art. He frequently mentions the work of Jules Flandrin, André Derain, Georges-Léon Dufrenoy, Robert Lotiron and Maurice de Vlaminck. He appreciates Matisse, considers Chagall plebeian, finds Rouault's imagination mediocre, and derides Cubism. He conveys art world and literary news, and describes Lhote's bitterness and merit as an art critic.
  • Language: French
  • Cumulative Index/Finding Aid: Dealer's inventory available in the repository.
  • Notes: The Leblond letters were numbered by the dealer to fall in roughly chronological order, but #75 (which belongs between #58 and #59) and #88 (which is part of #63) were misnumbered.
  • Subjects: Bernard, Emile, 1868-1941 Blanche, Jacques-Emile, 1861-1942 Bourdelle, Emile Antoine, 1861-1929 Cézanne, Paul, 1839-1906 Chagall, Marc, 1887-1985 Courbet, Gustave, 1819-1877 Derain, André, 1880-1954 Flandrin, Jules Léon, 1871-1947 Gauguin, Paul, 1848-1903 Girieud, Pierre, 1876-1948 Lipchitz, Jacques, 1891-1973 Lotiron, Robert, 1886-1966 Matisse, Henri, 1869-1954 Redon, Odilon, 1840-1916 Rouault, Georges, 1871-1958 Vlaminck, Maurice de, 1876-1958 Salon d'automne Art -- Collectors and collecting -- France Art patrons -- France Art dealers -- France -- Paris Art criticism -- France Painting, French -- 20th century Cubism
  • Contributors: Lhote, André, 1885-1962. Merlo, Aimé, 1880-1958.
  • ID/Accession Number: 1359-858
  • Access/Rights: Open for use by qualified researchers.
  • OCLC Record Number: 77630952
  • Source: GRI Library Catalog

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