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M. Knoedler & Co. records, approximately 1848-1971.

M. Knoedler & Co.

Available at Special Collections  SPECIAL COLLECTIONS - CONTACT REFERENCE  (2012.M.54** ) and other locations()

  • Title:
    M. Knoedler & Co. records, approximately 1848-1971.
  • Variant Title: Knoedler Gallery archive
  • Author/Creator: M. Knoedler & Co.
  • Creation Date: approximately 1848-1971.
  • Biographical/Historical Note: M. Knoedler & Co. was a successor to the New York branch of Goupil & Co., an extremely dynamic print-publishing house founded in Paris in 1827. Goupil's branches in London, Berlin, Brussels, and The Hague, as well as New York, expanded the firm's market in the sale of reproductive prints. The firm's office in New York was established in 1848. In 1857, Michael Knoedler, an employee of Goupil and a manager for the firm, bought out the interests in the firm's New York branch, conducted the business under his own name, and diversified its activities to include the sale of paintings. Roland Knoedler, Michael's son, took over the firm in 1878 and with Charles Carstairs opened galleries in Paris and London. In 1928, the management of the firm passed to Roland's nephew Charles Henschel, Carman Messmore, Charles Carstairs and Carstairs' son Carroll. In 1956 Henschel died, and E. Coe Kerr and Roland Balaÿ, Michael Knoedler's grandson, took over. In 1971 the firm was sold to businessman and collector Armand Hammer. The gallery closed in November 2011.
  • Arrangement: Arranged in 14 series: Series I. Stock books; Series II. Sales books; Series III. Commission books; Series IV. Inventory cards; Series V. Receiving and shipping records; Series VI. Correspondence; Series VII. Photographs; Series VIII. Exhibition files; Series IX. American Department records; Series X. Framing and restoration records; Series XI. Print Department records; Series XII. Other financial records; Series XIII. Library cards, scrapbooks, and research materials; Series XIV. Knoedler family papers.
  • Physical Desc.: 3042.6 linear feet (5555 boxes, 17 flat file folders).
  • Summary: The records of M. Knoedler & Co. document the business of the prominent American art dealer from the mid-19th century to 1971. The archive traces the development of the once provincial American art market into one of the world's leading art centers and the formation of the private art collections that would ultimately establish many of the nation's leading art museums, such as the Frick Collection and the National Gallery of Art. It contains crucial provenance information on numerous artworks in private and public collections in the United States. The archive includes stock books, sales books and commission books; correspondence with collectors, artists, art dealers and other associates; photographs of the artworks sold by the gallery; records from the firm's offices in London, Paris and other cities; exhibition files; framing and restoration records, and records of the firm's Print Department.
    Due to their size, the artist files (Subseries VII.A.) that form part of Series VII. Photographs are described separately from the rest of the archive. See:
  • Language: English
  • Form/Genre: Business records
  • Subjects: Art dealers -- France Art dealers -- Great Britain Art dealers -- United States Art -- Expertising Art -- Private collections Collectors and collecting Painting, European -- Collectors and collecting
  • Contributors: Knoedler Gallery (London, England) Goupil & Cie.
  • Collection: Knoedler Collection
  • Collection Note: Knoedler Collection
  • ID/Accession Number: 3003-622
  • Access/Rights: Open for use by qualified researchers, with the following exceptions. Boxes 77, 262-264, 1308-1512, 1969-1974, 3592-3723 are restricted due to fragility. Box 4468 is restricted until 2075.
  • OCLC Record Number: 891344310
  • Source: GRI Library Catalog

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